Sign up for tax alert emails    GTNU homepage    Tax newsroom    Email document    Print document    Download document

April 26, 2019

Report on recent US international tax developments 26 April 2019

The United States (US) Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recently published a revised version of its US “Tax Treaty Table 1” on its website. Tax Treaty Table 1 lists the income tax and withholding rates on income other than personal service income, including rates for interest, dividends, royalties, pensions and annuities, and social security payments. The table is referenced by, but no longer included in IRS Publication 515, Withholding of Tax on Nonresident Aliens and Foreign Entities. The revised table generally contains updates and clarifications, including treaty rate eligibility requirements and changes or corrections of certain treaty rates on interest income, among other changes.

The IRS included cautionary notes in the revised table to remind users that, although Table 1 is a convenient reference tool used by many withholding agents for withholding rates, it should not be viewed as a substitute for the greater details provided in the relevant tax treaty provisions. The table is also not a comprehensive guide to all eligibility requirements for every treaty rate of tax or exemption listed. EY Global Tax Alert, US IRS publishes a 2019 revised Tax Treaty Table 1 with numerous updates and footnote clarifications, dated 19 April 2019, provides further details.

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) published, on 25 April, the 10th edition of the full version of the OECD Model Tax Treaty. The full version includes the full text of the Model Treaty as it read on 21 November 2017. It further includes articles, commentaries, non-OECD member positions, recommendations of the OECD Council and historical notes and background reports.

The United Nations Subcommittee on Tax Challenges Related to the Digitalization of the Economy recently prepared a paper for the Committee of Experts on International Cooperation in Tax Matters for its 18th Session on 23-26 April. The Subcommittee noted that its work is independent of ongoing work in other forums, most notably the OECD. The report, which proposes a general workplan and guiding principles, addresses tax treaty issues, domestic law, and value added tax issues.

The Subcommittee identified the tax challenges of the digitalization of the global economy as fundamentally about the inability of the “source jurisdiction” under the physical presence criteria of tax treaties “to tax business profits of certain new business models not requiring a physical presence in the market to derive such profits.” The paper describes possible approaches for addressing these challenges, particularly in respect of developing countries. The paper was guided by the following principles: avoiding both double taxation and non-taxation; a preference for taxing income on a net basis where practicable; and simplicity and administrability.

For additional information with respect to this Alert, please contact the following:

Ernst & Young LLP, International Tax Services, Washington, DC
  • Arlene Fitzpatrick |
  • Joshua Ruland |



The information contained herein is general in nature and is not intended, and should not be construed, as legal, accounting or tax advice or opinion provided by Ernst & Young LLP to the reader. The reader also is cautioned that this material may not be applicable to, or suitable for, the reader's specific circumstances or needs, and may require consideration of non-tax and other tax factors if any action is to be contemplated. The reader should contact his or her Ernst & Young LLP or other tax professional prior to taking any action based upon this information. Ernst & Young LLP assumes no obligation to inform the reader of any changes in tax laws or other factors that could affect the information contained herein.


Copyright © 2023, Ernst & Young LLP.


All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced, retransmitted or otherwise redistributed in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including by photocopying, facsimile transmission, recording, rekeying, or using any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from Ernst & Young LLP.


Any U.S. tax advice contained herein was not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used, by the recipient for the purpose of avoiding penalties that may be imposed under the Internal Revenue Code or applicable state or local tax law provisions.


"EY" refers to the global organisation, and may refer to one or more, of the member firms of Ernst & Young Global Limited, each of which is a separate legal entity. Ernst & Young Global Limited, a UK company limited by guarantee, does not provide services to clients.


Privacy  |  Cookies  |  BCR  |  Legal  |  Global Code of Conduct