July 29, 2019
Indonesia releases amendments to controlled foreign corporation rules
The Indonesian Minister of Finance released, on 26 June 2019, Regulation No.93/PMK.03/2019 (PMK.03/2019) containing amendments to the 2017 Controlled Foreign Corporation (CFC) rules (the 2017 Regulations). PMK.03/2019 is effective for the 2019 taxable year beginning on or after 1 January 2019.
PMK.03/2019 limits a deemed dividend treatment of CFC income to five types of income that is generally passive in nature; whereas the 2017 Regulations treated a CFC’s entire book of income as a deemed dividend.
This change relieves Indonesian taxpayers with actively trading CFCs from a deemed dividend inclusion, which appears to be more consistent with the OECD1 BEPS2 Action 3.
Definition of CFC income
While the definition of direct and indirect CFCs remains the same, Indonesia has narrowed the definition of CFC income that is includible currently as a deemed dividend in an Indonesian shareholder’s income tax return. Under PMK.03/2019, the deemed dividend treatment will be limited to the following types of CFC income:
Calculation of deemed dividends
In computing the deemed dividend, gross income is reduced by expenses4 and tax payable/paid associated with each type of the CFC income. It also appears that a positive deemed dividend can arise due to the separate net income computation for each specific type of income, even if the overall CFC position is a loss.
Indonesian companies with actively trading CFCs should consider whether the change in the deemed dividend treatment will result in a reduced income pick-up from CFCs.
1. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
2. Base Erosion and Profit Shifting.
3. Income from rental activities would generally be treated as passive.
4. The regulations do not provide further guidance on whether indirect expenses may be allocated.
For additional information with respect to this Alert, please contact the following:
EY Indonesia, Jakarta
Ernst & Young LLP (United States), Indonesia Tax Desk, New York
Ernst & Young LLP (United States), Asia Pacific Business Group, New York