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September 17, 2019
Canada enhances trade remedy system by amending the Special Import Measures Regulations
On 4 September 2019, the Government of Canada published SOR/2019-314, Regulations amending the Special Import Measures Regulations in Part II of the Canada Gazette. The Government has amended the Special Import Measures Regulations (SIMR) to provide the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) with additional methods for calculating appropriate dumping margins in its anti-dumping investigations. The amendments are expected to afford the CBSA with more flexibility in determining production costs in transactions between associated parties and in particular market situations.
Under the Special Import Measures Act (SIMA), Canadian domestic producers may request to have anti-dumping and countervailing duties imposed on imports following investigations by the CBSA to determine whether imports were dumped or subsidized and the Canadian International Trade Tribunal (CITT) to determine whether imports injure or threaten to injure Canadian producers.1
Due to continuing challenges in the global steel trade environment and persistent overcapacity in global steel production, Canadian steel producers have raised concerns over recent years that Canada’s trade remedy system requires additional mechanisms to better address cases of dumped and unfairly subsidized goods being imported into the Canadian market and causing injury to Canadian producers.2 Following consultations with industry stakeholders in spring 2019, the Government adopted recommendations received during those consultations by amending the SIMR to clarify certain elements related to the calculation of the costs of production in anti-dumping investigations.3
Amendments to the SIMR
Transactions between associated parties
The amendments made to the SIMR address the calculation of production costs in transactions between associated parties (such as a subsidiary or affiliated entity). In cases where an input used in the production of goods is acquired by the exporter or producer from an associated person and is a significant factor in the production of the goods, the cost of the input in the export will be considered by the CBSA to be the greater of the following amounts:
Particular market situation
Prior to the amendment of the SIMR, the CBSA could, when determining production costs in an anti-dumping investigation, disregard sales in the domestic market of the exporting country if the sales were affected by a particular market situation. In such cases, the CBSA could use alternative methodologies when calculating dumping margins.5 The amendments to the SIMR provide alternative options to determine the cost of inputs of goods imported into Canada when a particular market situation does not permit a proper comparison to be made between the sale of goods in the country of export and the sale of goods exported to Canada.6 According to the amendments, the cost of input in the country of export shall be considered to be the first of the following amounts that reasonably reflects the actual cost of the input so as to permit a proper comparison:
The Canadian Government expects the amendments to SIMR will provide Canadian producers with access to mechanisms similar to those available to the producers of trading partners such as Australia, the European Union and the United States. The amendments to SIMR are expected to ensure that appropriate margins of dumping can be calculated by allowing the CBSA to take account of potential distortions due to transactions between associated parties and the effects of particular market situations when determining the costs of production in its anti-dumping investigations. This will ensure that Canada’s trade remedy system can offer comparable levels of protection for domestic producers from the effects of unfair trade and maintain a fair and balanced approach to trade remedies in line with Canada’s legal and trade obligations.8
1. Regulatory Impact Analysis Statement to SOR/2019-314.
4. SOR/2019-314, s. 5.
5. Regulatory Impact Analysis Statement to SOR/2019-314.
7. SOR/2019-314, s. 5.
8. Regulatory Impact Analysis Statement to SOR/2019-314.
For additional information with respect to this Alert, please contact the following:
Ernst & Young LLP (Canada), Canadian Leader – Global Trade, Toronto
Ernst & Young LLP (Canada), Toronto
Ernst & Young LLP (Canada), Quebec and Atlantic Canada
Ernst & Young LLP (Canada), Calgary