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December 19, 2019
USTR issues amendments to granted exclusions to Lists 1 and 2 for Chinese-origin goods; grants new exclusions to List 3
On 17 December 2019, the United States (US) Trade Representative (USTR) published three separate Federal Register Notices (FRNs) related to exclusions for goods subject to the punitive tariffs levied on Chinese origin goods.
The first two FRNs detail certain amendments to exclusions previously granted to Chinese-origin goods on List 11 and List 2,2 which cover US$34b3 and $16b worth of Chinese-origin goods, respectively. The amendments correct technical and ministerial errors in original publications to prior FRNs granting the initial exclusions.
The third FRN announces specific new exclusions granted to Chinese-origin goods subject to punitive tariffs on List 3,4 which covers $200b worth of Chinese-origin goods.5 The FRN includes exclusions for nine new 10-digit Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the US (HTSUS) subheadings and 35 new products based on product descriptions.
In August 2017, the USTR initiated an investigation into China’s laws, policies or practices surrounding intellectual property rights, innovation, and technology developments under the authority of Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974 (Section 301) to determine if they caused harm to the US economy and commerce. The investigation ultimately determined that Chinese laws, policies and practices around the aforementioned areas did cause harm to US commerce and were discriminatory against American companies. The USTR subsequently proposed 25% punitive duties on $34b worth of Chinese-origin goods (List 1).6
The US ultimately imposed three additional rounds of tariff actions on Chinese-origin goods: 25% punitive tariffs on another $16b and $200b of Chinese-origin goods (List 27 and List 3,8 respectively), as well as 15% punitive tariffs covering $300b on two separate lists; List 4A effective 1 September 2019 and List 4B scheduled to have been imposed on 15 December. The latter tariffs have now been impacted by the Phase One Agreement reached on 13 December between the US and China, with List 4A anticipated to be reduced from 15% to 7.5% and List 4B tariffs of 15% being delayed indefinitely (See EY Global Tax Alert, US and China reach Phase One Agreement on Trade, dated 16 December 2019).
Under its process for determining potential harm to US interests by these tariffs, the USTR provided the opportunity for US stakeholders to request the exclusion of specific products classified within an 8-digit HTSUS subheading covered by each of the four tranches by establishing exclusion request processes. In each, the requestor was asked to provide rationale for the request, specifically including:
Following the review of the exclusion request, the USTR issued a denial or a grant, at its discretion, based upon specified criteria and facts presented by the submitted request.
Amendments to exclusions granted
On 17 December 2019, the USTR published two FRNs that amended previous exclusions for Lists 1 and 2. The FRN applicable to List 1 products includes 14 amendments, while the FRN applicable to List 2 includes 9 amendments. In both FRNs, the USTR noted the amendments were occurring in order to correct technical and ministerial errors, as well as to conform to the USTR’s intent to grant certain exclusions requested.
The below chart highlights examples of amendments as they pertain to exclusions granted to Chinese-origin goods subject to punitive tariffs on List 1:
The below chart highlights examples of amendments as they pertain to exclusions granted to Chinese-origin goods subject to punitive tariffs on List 2:
List 3 exclusions
Also on 17 December, the USTR announced new exclusions for products otherwise subject to Section 301 punitive tariffs on Chinese-origin goods, outlined below.
The FRN includes a new specific 8-digit HTS code, 9903.88.36, for reporting the products now covered by the latest exclusions. The exclusions cover nine 10-digit HTSUS subheadings and 35 products based on product descriptions. Some examples include:
Total granted and denied exclusions for all four lists are further illustrated in the below table.
Actions for businesses
Companies importing goods from China that have utilized and benefited from product exclusions are encouraged to review the FRNs where amendments have been issued regarding previously granted exclusions to understand any impact to products or potential refunds.
We also note considering recent exclusions granted, companies importing Chinese-origin goods which are granted exclusions should take action to seek refunds on any punitive duties previously paid. In determining applicability of the USTR Annex for HTS exclusions, companies should exercise due diligence in determining ability to support any post-importation reviews of eligibility through review of determining the accuracy of the tariff number of a given product and that all requirement criteria are met for making the exclusion claim.
1. See 84 FR 69016.
2. See 84 FR 69011.
3. Currency references in this alert are to the US$.
4. List 3 covers $200b worth of Chinese origin goods.
5. See 84 FR 69012.
6. See 83 FR 28710.
7. See 83 FR 40823.
8. See 84 FR 26930.
For additional information with respect to this Alert, please contact the following:
Ernst & Young LLP (United States), Global Trade