January 14, 2020
Indonesia issues Tax Allowance Incentive regulation
The Government of Indonesia has issued1 Government Regulation No. 78 Year 2019 (GR-78)2 which offers tax incentives for capital investment in certain business sectors (Tax Allowance Incentive) to encourage increased foreign direct investment in Indonesia. GR-78 is effective from 12 December 2019.
This Alert summarizes the key aspects of GR-78.
Key changes under GR-78
GR-78 increases the eligible geographic areas for a significant number of subsectors. GR-78 provides that incentives for 166 subsectors (previously 66) are available in any geographic area. Incentives for 17 subsectors (previously 76) are restricted to specific geographic areas.
In addition, GR-78 improves the Tax Allowance Incentive application process through the Online Single Submission (OSS)3 system.
Tax Allowance Incentives may be granted to taxpayers who meet both of the following criteria:
Tax Allowance Incentive benefits
Benefits for a Tax Allowance Incentive includes:
Other considerations for taxpayers include:
1. GR-78 was issued on 13 November 2019.
2. GR-78 replaces GR No. 18/2015 (GR-18), which amended by GR No. 9/2016 (GR-9).
3. OSS is an integrated system which is designed to issue business licenses for and on behalf of ministers, head of institutions, governors, or mayors to businessmen through an integrated electronic system.
4. The expansion of an existing business does not include machinery and/or equipment replacement and/or additions within a production line that was already in commercial production.
5. There are 166 business sectors that are eligible for the Tax Allowance Incentive, including 109 industrial sectors. 17 business sectors in specific geographical areas qualify for the Tax Allowance Incentive, including 10 industrial sectors.
6. Including purchases of land.
7. Ordinarily, tax losses can only be carried forward for five years. GR-78 outlines a number of conditions for the carry forward of tax losses over longer periods.
8. Tangible fixed assets are not permitted to be transferred within six years from the date of commencement of commercial operations or before the end of the useful period if subject to accelerated depreciation, whichever is longer. Intangible assets are not permitted to be transferred before the end of the useful period if subject to accelerated amortization. An exception applies if the intangible asset is replaced with a new intangible asset.
9. Integrated Economic Development, Tax Holiday and Super Deduction program for the labor-intensive sector.
For additional information with respect to this Alert, please contact the following:
EY Indonesia, Jakarta
Ernst & Young LLP (United States), Indonesia Tax Desk, New York
Ernst & Young LLP (United States), Asia Pacific Business Group, New York