March 23, 2020
Norwegian Government proposes temporal measures in connection with COVID-19
Many Norwegian businesses are already heavily affected by the outbreak of the COVID-19 virus, by ways of experiencing liquidity difficulties or losses. In an attempt to address the difficulties, on 19 and 20 March 2020, the Norwegian Government has proposed government loan and guarantee schemes as well as temporary changes to the Norwegian direct and indirect tax legislations, labor legislation and rules related to government benefits.
In addition, on 20 March some temporal measures were implemented in order to mitigate the employers’ costs derived from the work force reduction.
Further changes and measures are expected to be proposed in the time to come.
Government loan and loan guarantee schemes
The Government has proposed the following programs in order to improve liquidity for Norwegian companies:
The Ministry of Finance is currently setting up guidance with respect to the management of the fund and the guarantee scheme.
Automatic carryback of losses incurred in 2019
For companies reporting tax losses in the tax year 2020, the Government has proposed that losses can be carried back against taxable profits incurred in 2019 and/or 2018 up to NOK30 million. Hence, companies should take this into consideration when determining the group contributions for the year 2019.
The temporary rule on the carryback of losses applies for all entities taxable to Norway for the year 2020, 2019 and/or 2018. Technically, the carryback is calculated as a tax deduction of 22% of the tax losses incurred in 2020, limited to the taxable income for 2019 and/or 2018. For companies under the financial tax regime, the rate is 25%. As companies are liable to pay tax for the 2020 tax year in 2021, the cashflow effect will first be recognized in 2021. However, the Government assumes that the setup will improve the companies’ access to
As the deduction is granted automatically, companies that do not wish to apply the deduction must specifically claim this in the tax return.
Payment of taxes for the 2019 tax year, and prepayment of taxes for 2020
Limited liability companies
For companies, the 2019 corporate income tax liability is due on 15 February 2020 and 15 April 2020. The Government has proposed an extension of the second term due on 15 April 2020 to 1 September 2020. No interest shall accrue due to the extension. For the tax already paid, the Government has not allowed for these payments to be reclaimed.
Employer social security
The Government has announced that a temporal reduction of the employer social security rate with 4 percentage points, (i.e., from 14.1% to 10.1%) for two months will be proposed later on. Further, the Government has granted an extension of the deadline for the payment of the employer social security contribution to 15 May 2020. A further extension from 15 May to 15 August 2020 is proposed by the Government. This extension also comprises the salary portion of the finance tax. No interest shall accrue due to the extension. The reporting deadline will remain unchanged although an extension of the payment is granted.
The deadline for the first advanced payment of income tax corresponding to 2020 was due on 15 March 2020. The deadline has been extended until 1 May 2020. The proposal does not grant an access to claim back any taxes already paid. For future term payments, changes are expected.
Value-Added Tax (VAT)
For VAT due for the first VAT term (January/February 2020), the Government has proposed to extend the payment due date from 14 April 2020 to 10 June 2020. The extension will apply for all entities registered in the VAT registry. The VAT filing due date is not extended.
For services and goods that are currently subject to VAT at the reduced rate of 12% (covering e.g., passenger transport, accommodation and cultural services), there is a temporal reduction of the rate to 8% from 1 April to 31 October 2020.
Industry specific measures – Airline industry
Due to the severe financial difficulties in the airline industry, the Government proposes the following temporary measures:
Changes related to work force reduction
The following measures have been taken in relation to work force reduction caused by the COVID-19 outbreak:
The measures listed above have entered into force on 20 March 2020.
For additional information with respect to this Alert, please contact the following:
EY Norway, Oslo
Ernst & Young LLP (United States), Nordic Tax Desk, New York