Sign up for tax alert emails    GTNU homepage    Tax newsroom    Email document    Print document    Download document

May 15, 2020
2020-5736

Egypt amends progressive individual income tax rates and penalties applicable on tax return differences

Executive summary

On 7 May 2020, Law no. 26 of 2020 was issued by the Egyptian Government to introduce new progressive tax rates for individual income tax purposes that will apply as from 1 July 2020 with respect to income related to salaries. For other types of income (commercial, industrial and manufacturing (sole partnership), professional, non-commercial or real estate taxpayers), the new progressive income tax rates are applicable as from the first tax period ending after the publication of the law (7 May 2020). The law also introduced amendments to penalties applicable on tax return differences.

Detailed discussion

On 7 May 2020, the Egyptian Government issued Law no. 26 of 2020 amending certain provisions of the income tax law no. 91 of 2005 as follows:

  • Article (8) of the law regarding the income tax rates applicable to natural persons (individuals)
  • Article (13) of the law regarding the annual personal income exemption
  • Article (87 Bis) of the law regarding the penalties applicable on the tax return differences

Amendments of Article (8) and Article (13) – related to Personal income tax (PIT)

The new amendments abolished the tax discounts on the income of natural persons.

Under the new law, the applicable progressive tax rates will depend on the taxpayer’s level of annual income. The law increased the personal exempted allowance to direct the subsidies to those who are entitled to them, supporting the lower income brackets, and reducing the tax burden.

The amended income tax rates on the annual personal net incomes are:

Income Tax Rate

Annual net income less than 600,000

Annual net income more than 600,000 and less than 700,000

Annual net income more than 700,000 and less than 800,000

Annual net income more than 800,000 and less than 900,000

Annual net income more than 900,000 and less than 1,000,000

Annual net income more than 1,000,000

0%

From 1 to 15,000

     
2.50%

From 15,001 to 30,000

From 1 to 30,000

    
10%

From 30,001 to 45,000

From 30,001 to 45,000

From 1 to 45,000

   
15%

From 45,001 to 60,000

From 45,001 to 60,000

From 45,001 to 60,000

1 to 60,000

  
20%

From 60,001 to 200,000

From 60,001 to 200,000

From 60,001 to 200,000

From 60,001 to 200,000

1 to 200,000

 
22.50%

From 200,001 to 400,000

From 200,001 to 400,000

From 200,001 to 400,000

From 200,001 to 400,000

From 200,001 to 400,000

From 1 to 400,000

25%

More than 400,000

More than 400,000

More than 400,000

More than 400,000

More than 400,000

More than 400,000

* All amounts are in EGP

* The sum of annual net income shall be rounded- upon computation of the tax- to the nearest lower ten EGP.

  • The annual personal exemption increased from EGP7,000 to EGP9,000.
  • These new rates are applicable:
    • For salary taxpayers, starting from 1 July 2020.
    • For commercial, industrial and manufacturing (sole partnership), professional, non-commercial or real estate taxpayers, starting from the following tax period ending after issuance of this law (i.e., 1 January 2020).

 

Amendments of Article (87 Bis) – related to annual tax returns

1. If the tax due as per the tax return is less than the final tax due amount, the company shall be liable to the following penalties:

a. 20% of the difference between final tax due as per the Egyptian Tax Authority (ETA) and the tax due as per the tax return, this will apply if the difference is less than 50% of the final tax due.

b. 40% of the difference between final tax due as per the ETA and the tax due as per the tax return, this will apply if the difference is more than 50% of the final tax due.

2. If the taxpayer did not file their tax return, they shall be liable to a penalty calculated as 40% of the final tax due.

It is important to note that the penalties set forth in no. 1 and 2 above can be reduced by 50%, if an agreement is made between the taxpayer and the ETA before the appeal committee.

_____________________________________________________

For additional information with respect to this Alert, please contact the following:

Ernst & Young Egypt, Cairo
Ernst & Young LLP (United States), Middle East Tax Desk, New York

ATTACHMENT

 
 

The information contained herein is general in nature and is not intended, and should not be construed, as legal, accounting or tax advice or opinion provided by Ernst & Young LLP to the reader. The reader also is cautioned that this material may not be applicable to, or suitable for, the reader's specific circumstances or needs, and may require consideration of non-tax and other tax factors if any action is to be contemplated. The reader should contact his or her Ernst & Young LLP or other tax professional prior to taking any action based upon this information. Ernst & Young LLP assumes no obligation to inform the reader of any changes in tax laws or other factors that could affect the information contained herein.

 

Copyright © 2024, Ernst & Young LLP.

 

All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced, retransmitted or otherwise redistributed in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including by photocopying, facsimile transmission, recording, rekeying, or using any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from Ernst & Young LLP.

 

Any U.S. tax advice contained herein was not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used, by the recipient for the purpose of avoiding penalties that may be imposed under the Internal Revenue Code or applicable state or local tax law provisions.

 

"EY" refers to the global organisation, and may refer to one or more, of the member firms of Ernst & Young Global Limited, each of which is a separate legal entity. Ernst & Young Global Limited, a UK company limited by guarantee, does not provide services to clients.

 

Privacy  |  Cookies  |  BCR  |  Legal  |  Global Code of Conduct