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February 8, 2021
Canada: Northwest Territories issues budget 2020–21
On 4 February 2021, Northwest Territories Finance Minister Caroline Wawzonek tabled the territory’s fiscal 2021–22 budget. The budget contains no new taxes and no income tax increases.
The Minister anticipates an operating deficit of CA$31 million1 for 2020–21 and projects an operating surplus of $69 million for 2021–22, $84 million for 2022-23 and declining surpluses for each of the next two years.
The following is a brief summary of the key tax measures.
Business tax measures
Corporate tax rates
No changes are proposed to the corporate tax rates or the $500,000 small-business limit.
The Northwest Territories 2021 corporate tax rates are summarized in Table A.
Table A – 2021 Northwest Territories (NWT) corporate tax rates
* The rates represent calendar year-end rates unless otherwise indicated.
** Northwest Territories reduced its small-business income tax rate from 4.00% to 2.00%, effective 1 January 2021.
Personal income tax rates
The budget does not include any changes to personal income tax rates.
The 2021 Northwest Territories personal tax rates are summarized in Table B.
Table B – 2021 Northwest Territories personal tax rates
For taxable income in excess of $144,362, the 2021 combined federal–Northwest Territories personal income tax rates are outlined in Table C.
Table C – Combined federal and Northwest Territories 2021 personal tax rates
* The rate on capital gains is one-half the ordinary income tax rate.
** The federal basic personal amount comprises two elements: the base amount ($12,421 for 2021) and an additional amount ($1,387 for 2021). The additional amount is reduced for individuals with net income in excess of $151,978 and is fully eliminated for individuals with net income in excess of $216,511. Consequently, the additional amount is clawed back on net income in excess of $151,978 until the additional tax credit of $208 is eliminated; this results in additional federal income tax (e.g., 0.32% on ordinary income) on net income between $151,979 and $216,511.
Other tax measures
In keeping with the existing indexation policy, property mill rates will be adjusted for inflation, effective 1 April 2021.
Given the upcoming federally mandated carbon tax rate increase to $40 per carbon-equivalent ton of greenhouse gas emissions effective 1 July 2021, the budget proposes to increase the Northwest Territories cost of living offset benefit to $208 per year for an individual and to $240 per year for a child, effective 1 July 2021.
1. Currency references in this Alert are to the CA$.
For additional information with respect to this Alert, please contact the following:
Ernst & Young LLP (Canada), Toronto
Ernst & Young LLP (Canada), Montréal
Ernst & Young LLP (Canada), Calgary
Ernst & Young LLP (Canada), Vancouver
Ernst & Young LLP (United States), Canadian Tax Desk, New York